The First Application of Balloon-powered Internet in Africa
A fleet of high-altitude balloons started delivering internet services to Kenya on Tuesday (7 July), extending online access to tens of thousands of people in the first-ever commercial deployment of the technology. The balloons, which hover about 12 miles up in the stratosphere — well above commercial airplanes — will initially provide a 4G LTE network connection to nearly 31,000 square miles of central and western Kenya, including the capital, Nairobi. Loon, a unit of Google’s parent company, Alphabet, launched 35 balloons in recent months in preparation for Tuesday’s start. It is collaborating with Telkom Kenya, the East African nation’s third-largest carrier. Loon bills the service as a cost-effective solution to the difficult challenge of bringing internet access to people in under-served remote areas. The Kenya venture is being closely watched by telecom providers in other countries as a test of whether the technology is reliable, and the service can be provided.